Automobiles have traditionally been constructed of steel, though many component parts are now made of petroleum products like plastic, which have shaved significant amounts of weight off motor vehicles in recent decades. In any case, using pneumatic tools allows for the quick and easy assembly of car parts made from a variety of materials.
The manufacturing of automobiles is carried out in several stages, the last of which occurs at the assembly plant, where parts from thousands of sources are combined to make the chassis and body of each individual car, truck and van. In most cases, vehicles are built from the bottom up, starting with the shell, which is set on a conveyer belt and braced to stay in place as it’s run down the production line.
The shell undergoes a series of additions while traveling along the assembly line past various hands and machine elements, which install everything from the gas tank, front/rear suspension and axles to the brakes, wheel drums and steering components. Throughout the majority of these steps, automotive air compressors play a vital role in putting each part into place with utmost precision and security.
Then comes the stage where the engine and transmission are brought together. For this task, robotic arms are used to put heavy pieces into place. Once the two components have been installed, technicians bolt down the radiator. During these stages, there’s a division of labor between the robotic arms, which do all the heavy lifting, and the human assemblers, who use air–powered wrenches to fasten each component screw. Over the decades, the tools used for these tasks have been made safer and more effective thanks to ergonomic studies regarding the flow of assembly.
When it comes to the construction of the vehicle’s body, the largest number of smaller-piece attachments are made on the floor pan. Pneumatic tools are crucial throughout this stage, because they allow workers to accomplish in seconds what would otherwise take hours. With each shift along the assembly line, the clamp–shackled shell of the vehicle is put together, piece by piece.
Compressed air is also responsible for the role played by the robotic machinery, which lifts, transports, and positions the quarter panels, door pillars, side panels and roof pieces. Likewise, the shell of each vehicle is assembled more efficiently with the help of a robot because machine arms can bolt and weld numerous items with levels of speed and precision that far exceed human capabilities. Robots have the strength to set roof panels that weigh 200 pounds into the right position for welding. Throughout this process, robots are able to withstand the various hazardous elements of production, including smoke, gases and sparks.